Rivelin Valley


Grogram Wheel

Early 17th century wheel located in Rivelin Valley, responsible for grinding tools/cutlery and providing air for furnaces. 

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ABOUT THE GROGRAM WHEEL


 

 
 
The Grogram Wheel dates from the 1620s, being one of the earliest to be built in the Rivelin Valley.
 
The main trades associated with The Grogram mill wheel include grinding cutlery, sickles, files, anvils and hammers, bean crushing, lathe power, and supplying air to the Mousehole Forge furnaces (connected to the site by large cast-iron pipes).
 
Records show that the Grogram Wheel and its larger upstream neighbour, the Mousehole Forge, were purchased in 1842 by Henry Armitage from Lady Burgoyne, and by 1852 was employed in the finishing of anvils and hammers, lathe turning and bean crushing.
 
It also had a blowing facility and, by the mid-19th century, was being used to supply air to the Mousehole Forge furnaces.
 
The Grogram Wheel was the only wheel to be damaged by the Great Sheffield Flood of 1864 due to its proximity to the River Loxley at Malin Bridge.
 
The wheel stopped operating around 1933, the main building being demolished in 1935. And in 1949 the the water wheel was reported as being in ruins.
 

Artist’s rendition of Grogram Wheel and mill dam (located in the foreground) with Mousehole Forge behind them, reflecting it's state in the early 19th century. [Image Courtesy of J. Hatfield & R. Postman.]

 

What remains now?

All that remains today at the Grogram Wheel site are the weir, a short blocked head goit (a goit is a small man-made channel to transport water), and an outfall from the tail goit into the river.
 
The wide weir is in reasonable condition and has an unusual design. The southern section is curved and in the form of a typical block-stone slope, while on the northern side the river cascades over a straight, vertical stone wall.
 
Upstream of the weir at the bottom of the wall, two arches mark where the Mousehole Forgetail goits flow into the river.
 
Discarded molten metal from Mousehole Forge has solidified over the rocks beside the weir and nearby island.
 

Credits

Rivelin Valley Conservation Group (RVCG) - https://rivelinvalley.org.uk
Sheffield City Council
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